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Step 3: Support Their Breathing
Ideally, individuals who are experiencing opioid overdose should be ventilated with 100% oxygen before naloxone is administered so as to reduce the risk of acute lung injury. In situations where 100% oxygen is not available, rescue breathing can be very effective in supporting respiration.
Rescue breathing for adults involves the following steps:
Be sure the person's airway is clear (check that nothing inside the person’s mouth or throat is blocking the airway).
Place one hand on the person's chin, tilt the head back and pinch the nose closed.
Place your mouth over the person's mouth to make a seal and give 2 slow breaths.
The person's chest should rise (but not the stomach).
Follow up with one breath every 5 seconds.
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